“Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources: Lessons Learned and Best Practices from International Collaboration at IPB”
By Iskandar Z. Siregar and Ulfah J. Siregar (Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor; Contact: email@example.com)
Presentation Track 6 (Environmental Sustainability)
Rapid loss of high biodiversity at species and gene levels due to forest transformations in Indonesia posed urgent calls for conservation, which should be designed upon good understanding of the dynamics of genetic process in time and space at all levels. Lack of skills and knowledge on most tropical species hampered its advancement. Since 2003 IPB collaboration with several foreign partner universities has built capacity of human resources and advanced research on genetic resources for its conservation and sustainable utilization. Human resource development is a crucial first step for durable scientific co-operation. While availability of university forest is important, success depends on active involvement of all partners with complementary expertise in defining useful complementary activities. The best practises at IPB and possible future impacts to science-policy interfacing on education and research are discussed.
Keywords: plant genetic resources, conservation and sustainable utilization, university forest, science-policy interfacing
Group Photo - Policy Dialogue
On 31 October 2012, I was invited by British Council Jakarta to present a paper at the panel presentation with a title: “Building Research and Innovation: IPB’s Lessons Learned”. This Dialogue aim at providing a framework for the development of effective and sustainable partnerships of two or more Indonesian universities and a UK University with a business link based on the identified research agenda that will be supported by the British Council. The link to business is essential as it brings both sustainability and commercial credibility to the partnerships, however specific criteria are left flexible to allow partners space for an entrepreneurship approach to building partnerships that meet the specific priorities and characteristics of the government, business and HE relationship in Indonesia. Details of the presentation can be found under this link
. In addition, on 2 November 2012, I gave also a presentation with a title: “Partnering EU Universities: A practical example of IPB’s academic and research collaboration at the Networking Event of European Higher Education Fair (EHEF), held in Jakarta (@izs)
Researchers of SP B03 inside National Park Bukit Duabelas (Jambi)
A field visit organized by the group of researchers in SP B03 was made on 14-17 October 2012. The members of the group joining the field visit were Prof. Reiner Finkeldey (UGOE), Prof. Iskandar Z Siregar (IPB), Dr. Sri Rahayu (Bogor Botanical Garden), Dr. Hamzah (Jambi University) and Ms. Natalie Breidenbach (PhD student UGOE). Objectives of the visit were: i) to observe details of the plot conditions (total plots (n)=32 plots) and ii) to discuss the technical matters relating to the sampling works of plant materials in the field. Identification of diverse plant species found in the plots, i.e. forests, rubber jungle, rubber plantation and oil palm plantation, was discussed intensively. Thanks to Ms. Natalie Breidenbach and her field assistant Mr. Bayu for arranging very efficient field visit schedule(@izs).
Final examination of PhD study (dissertation)
On 19 July 2012, I attended an open PhD thesis examination of Ms. Ratna Yuniati as one of the external examiners. The thesis title was “Construction, Cloning and Introduction of Alumunium-Activated Malate Transporter Gene in Jatropha curcas L. IP-2P”.
The thesis was supervised by Prof Suharsono (Dept. Biology IPB), Dr. Utut Widyastuti (Dept. Biology IPB), Prof. Didi Sopandie (Dept. Agronomy & Horticulture IPB) and Prof Akiho Yokata (NAIST Japan). Ms. Yuniati defended her thesis very well. Congratulation (@izs).
Within the framework of evaluation on “Environmental Management Performance”, particularly on re-vegetation management of ex mining sites, I visited a gold mining company in West Java (JABAR) and a nickel mining company in East Nusa Tenggara (NTB) to verify some of the main indicators for the success of re-vegetation.
The visits were accompanied by Mr. Tedi Yunanto, a mine inspector, graduated from IPB Bogor. In the two sites, we observed several best practices particularly of interest was collection of local tree species in the nursery for the enrichment program (@izs).
Stem of S. parvifolia young tree (Photo Courtesy Dr H. Nuroniah)
Distribution of tropical rainforests in Southeastern Asia has changed over geo- logical time scale, due to movement of tectonic plates and/or global climatic changes. Shorea parvifolia is one of the most common tropical lowland rain forest tree species in Southeastern Asia. To infer population structure and demographic history of S. parvifolia, as indicators of temporal changes in the distribution and extent of tropical rainforest in this region, we studied levels and patterns of nucleotide polymorphism in the following ﬁve nuclear gene regions: GapC, GBSSI, PgiC, SBE2, and SODH. Seven populations from peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, and eastern Borneo were included in the analyses. STRUCTURE analysis revealed that the investigated populations are divided into two groups: Sumatra-Malay and Borneo. Furthermore, each group contained one admixed population. Under isolation with migration model, divergence of the two groups was estimated to occur between late Pliocene (2.6 MYA) and middle Pleistocene (0.7 MYA). The log-likelihood ratio tests of several demographic models strongly supported model with population expansion and low level of migration after divergence of the Sumatra-Malay and Borneo groups. The inferred demographic history of S. parvifolia suggested the presence of a scarcely forested land bridge on the Sunda Shelf during glacial periods in the Pleistocene and predominance of tropical lowland rainforest at least in Sumatra and eastern Borneo.
Iwanaga H, Teshima KM, Khatab IA, Inomata N, Finkeldey R, Siregar IZ, Siregar UJ, Szmidt AE. 2012. Population structure and demographic history of a tropical lowland rainforest tree species Shorea parvifolia (Dipterocarpaceae) from Southeastern Asia. Ecology and Evolution 2 (7): 1663–1675 (link to download the full paper)
Discussion in the model plot 50 m x 50 m at UNJA Campus
Following the seminar and kick-off workshop in Bogor, groups of CRC990-EFForTS researchers made further travel to Jambi to continue discussion with Jambi University (UNJA) researchers that was held at the Hotel Golden Harvest. The next day, a field visit to a model plot 50 m x 50 m established at the UNJA arboretum was also made to give an idea especially to the PhD students and researchers of Group A (Enviromental Setting) and Group B (Biota and Ecosystem Services) on the technical arrangement of the experiments at the plot. A productive discussion among reserachers was observed during the plot visit (@izs).
International Seminar and Kick-off Workshop CRC990-EFForTS (19-20 June 2012)
Ecological and socioeconomic functions of tropical lowland rainforest transformation systems (Sumatra, Indonesia)
On 19-20 June 2012, a kick off workshop and a back to back event: International Seminar on New Collaborative Research Project CRC990-EFForTS: “Ecological and Socioeconomic Functions of Tropical Lowland Rainforest Transformation Systems (Sumatra, Indonesia)” were successfully held at IPB Campus Dramaga and International Convention Center (IICC) Campus Baranangsiang Bogor, respectively.
The Collaborative Research Center (CRC990-EFFoRTS) aims at providing knowledge-based guidelines on how to protect and enhance the ecological functions and services of tropical forests, forest remnants and agricultural transformation systems at a landscape scale, while improving human welfare at the same time. The results are expected to contribute to the development of strategies for sustainable management of forest reserves and major rainforest transformation systems of the lowland tropics of Southeast Asia, such as rubber and oil palm plantations, in a landscape context. The CRC990-EFForTS shall contribute to producing such knowledge through establishing an international, interdisciplinary research program aiming at understanding the patterns of and forces responsible for deforestation, and evaluating the economic, social and ecological consequences. Further details on the event, please visit this link. (@izs)
Meeting forestry postgraduate students at Canterbury
On 12 June 2012, I finally had an opportunity to visit my alma mater, the School of Forestry, University of Canterbury (UC) at Christchurch, New Zealand. I completed my master degree in forestry (M.For.Sc) from this University in 1994. This visit was made possible due to counter visit program of IPB to NZ partner universities (11-15 June 2012), namely Lincoln University, University of Canterbury (Christchurch),Victoria University (Wellington), Massey University (Palmerston North) and Auckland University (Auckland). A MoU between IPB and University of Canterbury was signed during the visit by Vice Chancellor UC, Dr. Rod Carr and Vice Rector IPB, Prof. Hermanto Siregar (see here
for details). Both universities are preparing academic collaboration through new initiative on joint master degree in forestry/M.For (@izs).
A Mini Workshop on Siberut Conservation Programme (SCP) discussing “New Research Initiative Community Development Initiatives” was held at Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) on 8-10 May 2012. The Workshop, jointly organized by SEAG Alumni Network (South East Asia Germany Alumni Network), IPB, Deutsche Primate Zentrum (DPZ) and SeTSAF University of Goettingen – Germany, was supported by DAAD and attended by around 50 participants.
Representatives of German Alumni, working as teaching staff from University of Syahkuala (Banda Aceh), University of Nommensen (Medan), Andalas University (Padang), University of Lambung Mangkurat (Banjarbaru), Jambi University (Jambi), Mulawarman University (Samarinda), Haluoleo University (Kendari), Mataram University (Mataram), Pajajaran University (Bandung) and Jendral Soedirman University (Purwokerto), actively participated in the workshop and presented their current research works dealing with the following aspects: Biodiversity (W0rking Group A), Sustainable Agriculture and Forest Management (W0rking Group B), Social Culture and Policy (W0rking Group C). The workshop was officially opened by Vice Rector for Research and Collaboration IPB (Prof. Anas M. Fauzi).
After the opening session, Director DAAD Jakarta Office, Dr. Irene Jansen, delivered her congratulatory speech to the workshop participants, while two keynote speeches relating to the Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilization were given by Prof. Bambang Prasetya (Deputy Life Sciences LIPI) and Dr. Bambang Novi (Director Biodiversity Conservation, Ministry of Forestry). Details of the program and video clip of the event can be seen here#1 and here#2 (@izs)